Virtual pipelines are a substitute to physical pipelines that distribute gas via land or sea transport. Virtual pipelines replicate the continuous flow of energy in a pipeline with the movement of gas via transportation logistics using trucks or ships. Virtual pipelines provide the ability to start from small systems and progressively scale up for a relatively modest trade off on cost per unit output.
In places with immature pipeline systems, a portion of the pipeline span can go down and interrupt the flow of gas for weeks while repairs take place. By their discrete nature, virtual pipelines are not subject to the same vulnerability to single point failures and can be built with redundancies at relatively low cost.
Natural gas takes a much larger role in the energy landscape, delivering economic and sustainability benefits. The goal is to deliver – in a cost effective way – gas fired powered generation to underserved end users, markets, communities. On the same time it is a growing need for cost effective flexible power that can follow loads and back up intermittent solutions as wind and solar.
Distributed gas-to-power facilities that is made possible via using a virtual pipeline can serve many types of consumers, from small power generation plants to light industry, creating powerful options for countries that face with a lack of power supply.
Natural gas is an abundant, reliable and cleaner-burning fuel than both gasoline and diesel for consumer and commercial vehicles. For fleet owners in particular (including everything from taxis and transit buses to long-haul semi-trailers), CNG presents an opportunity to dramatically reduce fuel costs and make an immediate, direct , positive impact on the bottom line.
Many developing countries rely solely on firewood for cooking, producing fumes and smoke that put them at high risk of asthma, bronchitis, child pneumonia and lung cancer; 3% of the natural forest are lost every year due to deforestation. Natural gas is the best fuel to power kitchens because of its control, reliability and precision. A gas flame provides for precise temperature control and variety of heat settings allowing shift from hot to cold or vice versa, with the turning of the knob.
Today there are three billion people still without access to modern energy. These people rely on traditional fuels such as wood, charcoal, coal. Even animal waste and rice husks. In fact anything that can be burnt and generates heat is a target fuel for these impoverished people. The more fortunate amongst them will use kerosene. But to climb further up that mythical energy ladder to use natural gas and electricity will be a pipe dream. The vast majority of these people will live far beyond the reach of gas and electricity grids, leaving LPG as the only real opportunity to escape from the traditional fuel trap. Realistically, in the short term, the top step of the energy ladder for them is LPG.
LPG (Liquefied Petroleum Gas) is the generic name for commercial propane and commercial butane. These are hydrocarbon products produced by the oil and gas industries. Commercial Propane predominantly consists of hydrocarbons containing three carbon atoms, mainly propane (C3H8). Commercial Butane predominantly consists of hydrocarbons containing four carbon atoms, mainly n- and iso – butanes (C4H10).
LPG have the special property of becoming liquid at atmospheric temperature of moderately compressed, and reverting to gases when the pressure is sufficiently reduced. Advantage is taken of this property to transport and store these products in the liquid state, in which they are roughly 250 times as dense as they are when gases.
As compared to petroleum or coal, natural gas causes less damage to the environment. It is made up of methane and results in less carbon emissions. In fact emissions of carbon dioxide are 45% lesser than other conventional fuels and 30% less than oil. Natural gas is easier to preserve than other fuels. It can be stored and transported through pipelines, small storage units, cylinders or tankers on land and sea.